What is an implant?
An implant is an artificial object that replaces a missing body part. An implant is placed inside the body and acts almost like the missing body part. A dental implant is when natural teeth are missing from the mouth and artificial substitutes to replace the root portion of teeth are put into the bones and gums of the mouth. Replacement teeth are then fixed onto these new roots. Dental implants allow people who are missing teeth to be able to smile, speak, and chew well and comfortably.
Who should not have dental implants ?
If you have any of the following conditions, dental implant therapy may not be for you.
Crippling or uncontrolled disease
Conditions that affect the body’s ability to heal and repair itself may have a negative effect on the placement of an implant. Persons with diseases (such as diabetes) that are not under control are not good candidates for dental implants because the uncontrolled disease keeps the body from healing itself normally.
Other disease such as leukemia or hyperparathyroidism also may affect the outcome of implant treatment. Persons who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer should not have treatment procedures until cancer treatment is completed and the doctor says it is safe to proceed.
Women who are pregnant should not undergo any treatment such as dental implants until after the first three months of their pregnancy.
Psychiatric or emotional treatment
People with psychiatric disorders such as chronic depression or personality changes require treatment, or people undergoing emotional stress, should avoid situations that may complicate or disturb their lives. Dental implant therapy may place additional stress on persons who are unable to tolerate it.
Poor motivation to accept and follow needed treatment
For dental implants to be successful, you must be committed to following all the necessary steps before, during, and long after treatment. People who are not able or not willing to undergo the necessary treatment, or to take care of their new teeth on a regular basis, should not consider implant therapy.
Are Dental Implants For Me ?
- Are you missing all natural teeth in one or both jaws ?
- Are you missing one or more teeth in a jaw ?
- Are you having difficulty wearing a regular removable denture because you gag, find the denture is too bulky, feel pain, or generally dislike something movable in the mouth ?
- Do you have an oral defect or missing mouth part because of an injury, surgery to treat disease, or birth defect ?
If you answer yes to any of the above conditions or preferences, you may be a candidate for dental implants.
Who should place the implants ?
- Implants can be placed in your jaw by a team of dental specialists. This might include an oral surgeon or periodontist who performs the surgical procedures.
- A dentist who has had extensive implant and dental training and limits his or her practice to implants may both perform the surgery and make the teeth.
- A general dentist with particular knowledge, skills, and training may include implant procedures in his or her practice and perform all the procedures.
What are the types of implants ?
ENDOSSEOUS – “within the bone”
These implants are usually shaped like a screw or cylinder and are made either of metal, metal covered with ceramic or ceramic material. They are placed within the jawbone. There are also blade-shaped endosseous implants
SUBPERIOSTEAL – “on top of the bone”
This implant consists of a metal framework that attaches on top of the jawbone but underneath the gum tissue.
TRANSOSTEAL – “through the bone”
These implants are either a metal pin or U-shaped frame that passes through the jawbone and the gum tissue, into the mouth.
What is OSSEOINTEGRATION ?
When dental implants that have been placed in your jawbone are successful, osseointegration occurs. This term means bone connection. The metal or ceramic part of the implant is placed into your jawbone, then the bone actually attaches itself directly to the implant, growing all around it and supporting it firmly.
How long will dental implants last ?
With advances in the science of implant dentistry, you can now expect that most implants will function indefinitely. However, like any dental restoration, the teeth may wear or break and need to be repaired or replaced.
It is possible to construct a fixed prosthesis for your jaw, a removable overdenture may be designed to fit over the implants. While it is removable by you, it can be secured to the abutments by various types of attachments or magnets.
O-RING RETAINED OVERDENTURE